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What does full spectrum CBD mean? What does broad-spectrum CBD mean? Is full spectrum CBD better than broad-spectrum? These are some of the most frequently asked questions that come flying our way at GetEvoke.
So, we’ve decided to put the answers to the above questions, and more, into one simple blog, designed to educate and lead you through the basics of CBD product formulation. It should make the choosing of a product at checkout that much easier, while offering some interesting insights on the CBD industry at the same time.
What is full-spectrum CBD?
A full spectrum product is one that has undergone the least amount of processing.
Full-spectrum oils are made by extracting the complete spectrum of the cannabinoid content, along with all other plant compounds, from dried hemp plant matter. This is usually achieved via a method called supercritical CO2 extraction.
At the other extreme are the isolates.
A CBD isolate, for example, is an oil which only contains CBD and nothing else.
All other cannabinoids and hemp plant compounds are filtered out of these oils during the extraction process and the consumer is left with a highly concentrated oil of pure CBD.
Some of the most commonly known cannabinoids that can be found in differing quantities in a full spectrum oil include CBD, CBG, CBC, THCV and THC.
Read more about the differences between CBD and THC here.
Having said that, quantities of THC are always 0.3% or lower in order to remain compliant with CBD product regulations, brought about by the passing of The Farm Bill in 2018.
What is broad spectrum CBD?
Simply put, a broad spectrum oil is one that includes a broad range of cannabinoids and naturally occurring hemp plant compounds, but which has invariably had all traces of THC removed during the extraction process.
Indeed, broad spectrum oils are highly popular with CBD brands, specifically because they don’t include THC.
Brands that remove THC from their final products tend to market their oils as broad-spectrum CBD oils
While the concentration levels of CBD in these products are highly important, brands that craft and market broad-spectrum CBD oils want consumers to know that their oils still benefit from the natural synergy of other cannabinoids and organic hemp plant compounds.
By describing their oils as broad spectrum CBD, they’re choosing to make the distinction between broad spectrum, full spectrum and isolate.
More on why that’s important below.
What is a whole plant extract CBD?
What does the whole plant mean..? What’s so good about a whole plant CBD tincture..?
Allow us to elaborate
A whole plant extract is just that. It’s an oil that has been made using the whole hemp plant. Every last bit of it. Flowers, leaves, stalks, cannabinoids, terpenes. If you can name it, then your whole plant extract will have it.
Full-spectrum oils are always made from the whole plant, but what makes a full spectrum product slightly different from a whole plant extract product?
While full-spectrum extracts and whole plant extracts both contain the full spectrum of cannabinoids that are naturally present in the hemp plant, and while they both contain most organic plant compounds too, whole-plant extracts have the added benefit of fats, waxes, and other fibrous materials.
In short, this simple metaphor may help to lay things out clearly
Isolates are like refined white bread and full spectrum extracts are like wholesome brown bread, but whole plant extracts are the home-made brown loaves that grandma made on the weekend, using flour that she didn’t really grind down properly. She just threw everything into the bowl, mixed it up, and popped it in the oven. Whole plant means whole plant.
So, what is full-spectrum, whole-plant, CBD oil?
A full spectrum CBD oil, made from whole plant, is the least refined, most organic form of CBD oil you can find on the market today.
It’s packed with hemp plant goodness. It’s the most natural, most complete spectrum of hemp plant material and cannabinoid content available.
The whole plant is the exact kind of product needed to truly kick the entourage effect into high gear. The entourage effect is a term used to describe the effects of all hemp compounds as they work in synergy with each other.
While a CBD isolate may be more potent in terms of CBD, it’s not necessarily more effective on the human body.
CBD’s beneficial potential, like that of all other cannabinoids found in the hemp plant, is enhanced when working as part of a whole.
The lesson is, don’t separate your cannabinoids. Don’t refine.
And so, is full-spectrum CBD better?
We think so, yes. We would always advocate a full-spectrum oil or whole plant hemp extract over a CBD isolate or even a broad spectrum CBD oil.
Because the less refined and the more organic a product is, and this goes for any industry, the better.
The oil you choose to buy should be rich in terpenes, cannabinoids and flavonoids, so that you can be sure your body has the opportunity of benefitting from each and every plant compound as it works in synergy with the others.
Ready to try some whole plant, full spectrum CBD? If so, try our Level 1500 cinnamon tincture on for size.